Thursday, 25 July 2013

News Broadcast Project

In groups of 4 or 5, create a TV news broadcast. 

-Three anchors:
    -- Two for hard news
    -- One for soft news (choose one)

-One person in charge of video/graphics 

Anchors:

-Research a recent news story (local or international) and write a script of how you would present that story for a TV news broadcast. Your script should follow the guidelines we have discussed in the Features of a News Broadcast. In addition to the story itself, your script should include anything else you plan on saying (lead-in, sign-off, transitions) during the broadcast. You may use clips from YouTube of newscasts as inspiration.

Graphics person: 

-Create a Keynote with slides that you will show to supplement the anchors' stories. This means you will have to work with the anchors to decide what pictures, video clips (footage), and graphics you will use while they are reporting the stories. There should be at least one picture/background per story being reported.

The news broadcast must be at least 5 minutes in length and a maximum of 10 minutes
 

One person from each group must arrange for their group to be filmed while presenting. The news broad cast can also be pre-recorded if you have the time to complete this before class.

How long do we have?!

-You will have the rest of today's class period as well as all of tomorrow's class period to put together this presentation and rehearse it with your group. The presentations will occur the next lesson.

Monday, 22 July 2013

EL Presentation - Miss Singapore 2013 (Douglas, Shaun and Wun Juan)









English presentation - Ben, Li Ying, Afif

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/18h2LWN4iEd5May7dZbovly_K4z3jJ8yjTDIrhrJzN9Y/edit?usp=sharing

English Presentation - Ain, Berwyn, Ek Hern

Link: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1novRl3VU12tSjSNlg3kQ0Vb-T6ej-gWHDYeACvm95qU/edit?usp=sharing

English presentation - Ming Chuan, Jun Kai, Lim Ing, Ibrahim

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Vmzmscs1Uv3IBlKk2EJYo1u_JizI2qyv4Po0tHV6odg/edit#slide=id.p

English Presentation - Michael, Ler How, Dylan and Ikmal

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/11cUC2Qld5_vdCrc2OC1abcFsxVSEOLdKGwVj1sSir5A/edit#slide=id.gf398d4b8_116

English Presentation - Yee Theng, Shaquille, Tzun Kai

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1zzO_dPO7Jk3s6Dv62fH6-SqNZd84ew27EIis2rkpxLU/edit?usp=sharing

Monday, 15 July 2013

Ethical Dilemmas - Michael

Hi everyone, I'm Michael from S203. Today I will be sharing my opinions of Ethical Dilemmas Journalist face. Out of the 7 ethical dilemma, I feel that Invasion of Privacy, Bias and plagiarism. 

Firstly, I will talk about the Invasion of privacy. Everyone is entitled to their own privacy rights. A journalist must respect that and get permission before they report about someone. They should also understand that everyone has a private life, and it is not ethical to go undercover to spy on every thing that they do. If they do not, the consequences can be dire for both parties -- The journalist may face legal action and the person the journalist reported on may lose their reputation or social status. One example would be in order to find out more about the making of the latest product, the reporter may go through the private documents of the company and report it. This will allow other companies to know the secret in making that product, and the original company would lose a lot of money. 

Secondly, being bias is also an important ethical dilemma. Everyone is biased by nature, and often we do not realise it. If the journalist feels biased towards one side, he would interview that side more and might even tweak his report to support that one side. This will only show the reader one side of the story, making it unfair for the other party. As a journalist, it is important for them to put their opinions aside and give every party an equal chance to speak, giving the audience a wider perspective of the whole story. If a journalist is biased against a certain group of people, the african americans, they may not take their side of a story, even if they may be right. 

Last but not least, is plagiarism. Plagiarism is taking other’s work and claiming it as your own. For example, if you copy someone else’s report can republishing it as your own, it is considered as plagiarism, even if you have edited it or changed it. Plagiarism is illegal and frowned upon in society. If you source your information from other reports, it is important to credit them. 

That’s all. I’ve been Michael, thanks for tuning in to my podcast.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvc-jPes7uA&feature=youtu.be 




3 Ethical Dilemmas

Link to Podcast:

http://youtu.be/tdX664I3lbI

Ethical Dilemmas - Dylan

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Hi I am Dylan from S203 and the 3 Ethical Dilemmas I have chosen are biasness, plagiarism and Offending or Distasteful Content. 

First off, I would like to explain the first one, and it is biasness. I feel that it is important as a reporter who is bias may only decide to report what he think is right and not both sides of the story. For example, if a reporter is extremely bias towards an opposition party in the General Election, he may only report what the Opposition says and not what the other parties says. He may make it sound like the other parties are very unreliable and untreatable. This may give the viewers different perspectives of what is happening. 

Second is plagiarism. If the journalist takes pictures or quotes speeches from a certain website, book or another news article, he has to put in the source. If the journalist does not do it, the person who owns the pictures or articles may sue the journalist for copyright. This is illegal and a person who may have spent hours, days, months or even years may find his work that he published on the internet, with the poster claiming that the work was his. The person may feel extremely agitated as his work was stolen by somebody else. 


Last is offending content. If the journalist says something racist, he may get fired from his job. For example if he relates Indians as something offensive and displeases the viewers in one way or another. This may affect the racial harmony between different religions as what he said is very offensive and may be punishable by Law. What's more, if the reporter has a negative feeling towards a certain race, he may not report what is right and just report his personal feelings towards the religion that he hates. 

3 Ethical Dilemmas (Ek Hern)

Here are 3 of the possible many ethical dilemmas journalists the world over face that I think impact a story the most.

Underaged children being interviewed:
Children under the age of 11 usually are not suitable to interview under journalistic ethics. However in certain cases, children are the only witnesses able to talk about it. Children also have a somewhat poorer judgement than most other people due to their still developing minds. What does one do in this situation?

Undercover Journalism:
Sometimes there is no choice. In Myanmar for example, journalists are deported and even jailed. So there may be no choice except to go undercover as someone else. This way has its own potential hazards. You could be arrested under espionage charges(Spying). Is it a worth while risk to take?

Bribery:
It is in the ethical code. No bribing interviewees. But you've got the do what you've got to do when no one want to talk about anything even remotely related to the situation. The cases are rare but there are some journalists who do it.


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3 Ethical Dilemmas - Afif

I am Afif from S203 and today I’ll be talking to you about three ethical dilemmas that i have chosen. 

The first one is plagiarism. Plagiarism is when you take something from the internet or any other written source of information and then claiming it as your own. For example, if you are writing a report about the Moon, and you copy and paste information from the web to your report without crediting the source, that is considered plagiarism, even if you edited it. However, if you were to go to the Moon and conduct experiments yourself, then come up with a report based on that, it is not plagiarism. To summarise, plagiarism is stealing other people’s work without crediting them and to avoid it, remember to cite the references or do the experiments yourself.

The second ethical dilemma is Commitment to Accuracy. It is how much the journalist cares to make sure that the correct information is passed to the public. For example, if a journalist does not really care whether the accurate information is passed on and only cares about his business, a story with the title of “Zombies chasing marathon runners”, which is the story about people dressed in zombie costumes encouraging runners to go faster, may be changed to “Zombies invade town”, in which the journalist mentions about the zombies eating people and nothing about the race. This would cause panic among the public and everyone would want to read the report.


The final ethical dilemma is bias. Bias means the inclination or prejudice for or against a person or a group. A journalist must not be biased against a group of people to make a report fair. If not, the journalist would give a one sided opinion of it. A journalist should keep their opinions to themselves and write it such that the audience would see the two sides of the report. For example, an election between Mr A and Mr B. Given the scenario that you support Mr A and you’re supposed to write about Mr B, if you are biased, you would say the bad things about Mr B and how Mr A is better. You should avoid being biased and be fair. 

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Ethical Dilemmas- Irfan.

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Hi I am Irfan and today I am presenting three ethical dilemmas. 

The first ethical dilemma I am choosing is plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of claiming others work as ones own. It is essentially stealing. An example of plagiarism is if you are writing a research paper and you used another person’s data. This is wrong as you used their data without their permission without citing any sources. This is obviously a violation of the ethical standards. On the other hand, for example, if you sent a message to a friend on Facebook of an article from a web page, that is considered plagiarism too. But in this case, it is less severe than the previous scenario. So, is this right?

The next ethical dilemma i’m choosing is bias. Bias is choosing one side of the story and not revealing other points of views. This is wrong as journalists are only telling one side of the story. This will cause the audience to have a very narrow view of the issue and will not know the other side of the story. This is also bad as journalists could warp or manipulate the information so it is one sided. An example of this promoting a candidate for an election. A journalist could tell the good things in the article so to influence their audiences.


The last ethical dilemma is invasion of privacy. Invasion of privacy is exposing someone and looking for information from someone when clearly stated that he or she does not want to. This is not only illegal, it is also ethically wrong. An example of invasion of privacy is for example a person already told you to stop trying to find information because it might be confidential. But, you still pursue information through your own means. This os definitely wrong and should not be done.

Sunday, 14 July 2013

3 Ethical Dilemmas - Ibrahim


Hi, I’m Ibrahim and i’m going to talk about the 3 of the 7 ethical dilemmas that i have chosen which are Plagiarism, Invasion of Privacy and Bias

Plagiarism is when an author or journalist claims other’s work as his/her own without giving credits to the actual author or journalist. To better understand, here’s an example, a journalist made a report based on the information he/she copied from the internet and books but the journalist did not source the website or the book. The journalist have already indeed plagiarised. In other words, plagiarism is stealing someone else’s hard work and effort.

Invasion of privacy is when a journalist publish photos of a person that was taken without their permission or when a journalist names someone in an article when he/she does not one to be named. For example, a journalist stats the name of the rape victim when the victim had already request for his/her name to not be stated. Another example is, a journalist include photos of a celebrity taken by a paparazzi without the celebrities permission. 

 The final dilemma is bias. Bias is when a journalist tends to form our own opinion on a certain matter and writes his/her personal opinion of their observations and provide a bias information to the public. When a journalist is bias, people may have bad impression on the journalist or the journalist may offend someone and may also get fired. The journalist should write without being bias, without any unnecessary information and without his/her opinion about the subject matter. That’s all from me today, thank you for your attention.

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3 Ethical Delimmas - Li Ying

Hi, I’m Li Ying from S2-03 and today I’ll be sharing with you about the three most important Ethical Dilemmas faced by journalist. 

First, I would be talking about Bias. It is nature for human beings to be biased. This happens because whenever we see or observe somethings, we tend to form an opinion on the matter. Thus, the journalist will write towards his personal opinion of his observations and provides a one-sided information towards the public. For example, the journalist favours a certain brand of mobile phones, therefore he or she will try to make the mobile brand more outstanding by describing all its good points, advantages and why he thinks it is better. However, the journalist may be blinded by his own opinions, providing an inaccurate story.

Second, I would like to talk about the commitment to accuracy. Some reporters due to wanting to finish off their work as fast as they could and get rewarded, or wanting to grab the headlines of the newspaper, they tend to publish inaccurate information to the public, giving them the wrong views towards the article. Also, if the journalist is not fair and honest on the information he reported, viewers are most likely to get the wrong information. 

Lastly, I would like to talk about offending or distasteful content. This is a horrible thing to do if one is a journalist. No matter how displeasing a matter is to the journalist, he or she should never voice out his own negative opinions towards them in the public. The reporter should be aware of his words, not provoking anybody and write the article as fairly as he could. 

3 Ethical Dilemmas - Ben

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Hi there, I am Ben from 203 and today, I will be discussing about three ethical dilemmas that journalist face

First, I will be talking about bias

Bias- Reporters will tend to be bias towards one side whenever they publish an emotional news that they feel only one side of the story is required for people to feel the same as the reporters. By doing this, journalists are limiting the viewers of their opinion and not being fair and impartial to the people involved in the news. And example of this is when a journalist is publishing a news of 2 people fighting, and when the journalist is bias towards one side of the party, he or she publish will the news off as one side of the party is innocent and the other side of the party is totally at fault. Doing this, the viewer will not have the full story. What if the so called "innocent party" was the one who started the fight. So, Journalist should always put aside their emotions and be as objective as possible and allow the viewers to look from different perspective.

Plagiarism - Plagiarism is when someone claim others work from the internet, books and newspaper then passing off as one's own. This is similar to stealing from them. A journalist who come across other people's news or report and then write it off as though as it was originally from him or her without crediting where or from whom the source is from is considered plagiarism. Just imagine you are a professional journalist, and you found out a big story, you then wrote the news in detailed form and posted it on your blog to share it with the public. But the next day, you found out that that particular news appeared on the newspaper, and the article was exactly the same as what you have written on your blog. You then continue reading and realized your name was not credited, but in fact it was someone else's name who got credited. At that moment, how do you feel when someone else was credited for plagiarizing your work. And so Journalist should keep their work original, and he or she uses a source, they should always credit the person who wrote it or provided the information.

Commitment to accuracy - commitment to accuracy is somewhat connected to bias. Commitment to accuracy is how much effort you put in to check and find out the absolute truth before you publish any news. Bias is one of the factors affecting the accuracy in your news. If you are bias to one side of the party, journalist tend to twitch the news and the news will no longer be accurate. Another factor would be because the journalist took a source from the internet and did not bother to verify the accuracy of the source and publish the news, the accuracy of the news and the opinion of the viewers will be affected greatly.




3 Ethical Dilemmas - Ryan


Hello everybody, this is Ryan here, and this is another 03 podcast. 

For today, I will be talking about some dilemmas that journalists face. There are seven main ones, which are, conflict of interest,, plagiarism, having anonymous sources, offending content, invading privacy, being bias, and being accurate.

I think that being Bias would be the the most important ethical dilemma. Reporters will tend to be bias towards one side whenever they publish emotional news. Influence by the government will also affect Bias. By doing this, journalists are limiting the viewers of their opinion and not being fair and impartial to the people involved in the news. Journalist should put aside their emotions and be as truthful as possible.

The second most important one is commitment to accuracy. Journalists have to be accurate in their work so as to make sure that the audience does not get false information, which could be harmful to the company of the journalist, and the journalists reputation.


The third one is offending content. The reporter has to be aware of his words, and prevent provoking any race and/or religion while attempting as hard as possible to report the truth. This will, in the long run, create anger, and distrust in the targeted audience and those who happen to glance upon it, of it offends the reader. Distasteful content is very influential, and has caused many debates, fights, or even riots on a massive scale.

Thanks for tuning in, and download next weeks podcast at www.podcast.03.ryan.com.sg.
See you next time on the 03 podcast.

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3 Ethical Dilemmas - Shaun Neo

First, I will talk about Conflict of interest. This is extremely important when journalists share information as this could affect how they portray the same situation. Also, journalists have to get many opinions from different people in order to get the whole picture. If you only question a certain group of people with the same view on the topic, you would only get one side of the picture, and thus when you report the information it would not be complete. Also, you should not try to report your own opinion on the topic, especially if you are involved. For example, if you are reporting a case of a fight between schools, it would not be fair if one of your family members was involved in the fight as this would affect your objectivity in the matter and cause a slight bias.

Another Ethical Dilemma that seems to be of greater importance is Invasion of Privacy. This is a very difficult issue to avoid, and can sometimes cause lawsuits against the Journalist. The Journalist has to be sensitive when sharing information especially about a personal topic. He should first require the permission of the person of which the topic is about. It is also unethical to do research and follow the person undercover as if this information was reported, it could affect his or her social status. For example, if a the Journalist stalks a famous person to get insights on his personal life, there would be a great invasion of privacy, which would affect the person’s reputation greatly.


Lastly is Commitment to Accuracy. I think this is extremely important as journalists should only provide facts to the public, and not something that they cannot prove to be true. They should always check the facts and make sure that the information is legit and comes from a reliable source. For example, if a reporter hears from somebody that North Korea is about to attack America, and if he does not check the source and just publishes that piece of news, he could cause a lot of trouble.

3 Ethical Dilemmas - Tan Ming Chuan

Hey, I'm Ming Chuan from 2-03, and I'm here today to share with you three of the most important ethical dilemmas faced by journalists.

FIrst off, we have Conflict of Interest. This is one of the major dilemmas due to the fact that when the Journalists interest is conflicted, he or she may not write the article from a neutral point of view. Or maybe you are interviewing someone who has, maybe bullied your younger brother of sister? Instead of writing "The bully said he was truly sorry for his actions", a Journalist with conflicted interests might twist it to become "The bully showed no remorse for his actions"

The above dilemma can relate to the next point, being biased. A certain Journalist may stand by his or her moral values of maybe, respect. Thus, when he or she writes an article on for example, children who leave their parents in an elderly home, instead of taking care of them. The Journalist would have very strong feelings against such people, which will overall affect the Journalist's article in a large way.

The last ethical dilemma i will be talking about involves offensive or distasteful content. This does not happen often, but when it does, it becomes a very big issue. Maybe the journalist is unhappy with the fact that there are many foreigners around his or her area. So, when writing an article about foreigners, the journalist may use his personal experiences with foreigners for example, smoking and throwing cigarette butts on the floor. However, when the journalist does this, he tends to not say it is an isolated case, resulting in many readers thinking he meant that most, or even all foreigners do it. This could lead to disputes between the foreigners and the journalist, and could even blow up on the internet, causing an uproar.

I think that these three dilemmas are the most commonly faced by journalists, yet these problems cannot be solved.

Thank you for listening!

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The Three Ethical dilemmas (Yee Theng)

http://www.4shared.com/music/HmymTp1d/Ethical_Dilemma.html

Hi everyone my name is Yee Theng from S2-03 and today I will be talking about the three ethical dilemmas journalists face.

The three ethical dilemmas that I have chosen are Bias, Anonymous Resources and Commitment to Accuracy. 

- Bias : The meaning of Bias is to select only one point of the story over another. However this occurs only because humans cannot be purely objective and this reason may vary from having a sense of belonging to being taught how to look at things. However, there are various sides to a story and it is alright to have some biasness in order to bring out the whole story. For example, if I were to report about a celebrity that I like, I might only want to get the good side of the story instead of publishing the entire story which might cause them to look bad in front of the public. However, this would be violating the ethical standards as the point of journalism is to tell people what is happening and not to influence them to think the way that you want them to believe and also, I don't have more than just one side of the story which will make the article untrue.

-Anonymous Resources: The meaning of Anonymous Resource is when reporters use a resource but they don't state where the resource comes from in order to protect the source from harm from being an identified source. However, when using anonymous resource, one needs to know if the source should be anonymous or not. For example someone saying that the school doesn't have good food shouldn't be anonymous while a source for court use might have to be kept from others not involved so that people do not have the chance to tweak the information.

-Commitment to Accuracy: Refers to undermining integrity and therefore, effectiveness of media more than carelessness (or deceit) leading to inaccuracy in the press. When coming up with an article, we need to ensure that the information we have on hand is accurate as we should not be publishing the wrong information. While others might want to receive news as soon as possible, it would be wrong to give out wrong information that might allow others to perceive the news in the wrong way. For example, in order for a report to soar high amongst the readers so that the reporter can get a higher salary, he can just make up a story that is extremely interesting for others to read, in this case it might compromise the truth to the actual news. 


And there you have three of the Seven Ethical Dilemmas~

Three Ethical Dilemmas (Douglas)

     Hey there, I’m Douglas from 203, and I will be talking about three ethical dilemmas that journalists face. 

     First up is being bias. Bias is prejudice against someone or something. It is natural for humans to be biased. There will be many perspectives of a event that different journalists will see and being bias will affect that. Sometimes, the full story is not revealed while one side of the story is released, which may result in the readers having a wrong idea of the story. Also, this may in one way or the other give offense to someone or displease a particular group of people. For example, a journalist favours a certain brand of television sets. However, there is another brand of television sets which is equally good. In order to make the journalist’s favoured brand look better, the journalist describes more about his favoured brand while leaving the other equally good brand with a mediocre description. Also, the journalist may be swayed by his own opinions towards the news story, resulting in a biased and inaccurate story.

     The second dilemma is anonymous sources. For the sake of the news scoop, journalists may obtain their information from unknown and unverified sources. As such, the quality and integrity of the news would not be good. For example, a news leak of a certain technological advancement may happen through the internet, but it is not confirmed by the rumoured makers of the technology, thus proving that the technological advancement is from an anonymous source.

     The third dilemma is invasion of privacy. In order to dig in deeper to a certain news scoop, journalists may attempt to trespass into private property for extra news. For example, if an male actor was rumoured to be with a female actress, the journalist may trespass into the house of the male actor to get more information on this topic. This would be disrespectful to both parties.


That is all for today. Thank you for listening!


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Ethical Dilemmas:Berwyn(06)


Hi, i’m Berwyn from S203. Today I am going to talk about 3 of the seven ethical dilemmas that I have chosen. The three ethical dilemmas that I have chosen are Conflict of interest,invasion of privacy,and bias.

Firstly I would like to talk about conflict of interest.
Conflict of interest is doing something that might compromise objectivity in the reporting of truth.An example of conflict of interest is when reporting an article between two person in conflict where one would say the things that are more in their favour rather than the truth.
I chose conflict of interest as this can be seen in some of the times in articles that I have read.

The next I would like to talk about is invasion of privacy.
I chose invasion of privacy as I feel that it is one of the more important ethical dilemmas.
For journalist or reporters,invading someones privacy would make that person feel uncomfortable,also most of the time,it is considered rude for the reporter to invade one’s privacy.Invasion of privacy is when a journalist or a reporter stalks or secretly film celebrities while they are at their homes etc.

Lastly,I will talk about bias.
Being biased is when a reporter writes an article an favours a side because he or she feels that 1 side is more important because of one reason or another,An example would be when a conflict between two sides happen and you favour one of the other sides because you either know them or they bribed you. I think it is important as this affects the validity/truth of the article.

Thank you for listening.

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Ethical Dilemmas : Lim Ing (03)

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Introduction
Hey, I am Lim Ing and today I’ll be talking about a few Ethical Dilemmas,Plagiarism, Bias and Anonymous Sources, that are commonly faced by journalists.

Plagiarism
Plagiarism is claiming one’s work as your own, taking without crediting. Its like stealing from someone. To avoid plagiarism, we should credit the authors we ‘borrow’ the materials from. This also includes downloading pictures or videos used in your work without permission. For example, if I am writing a report on the importance of history, and I google ‘why study history’, click on the first link, copy a few paragraphs from the site and paste it into my report without crediting the author or stating my source. It’s plagiarism. Lets say I drag a few pictures off another site and drop it into my report. Still plagiarism. Although plagiarism is a crime, most people do it anyway. It’s not rare for others not to care about it too. But if caught, one could lose their good reputation or may have to pay monetary penalties. Personally, I think plagiarism is a violation of Journalistic Ethics and should be avoided totally.

Bias
To be biased is to prefer or favor something. No one can be totally neutral so being biased is not an uncommon thing. For journalists, one must be as objective as possible on writing articles especially if it is on political issues. They must attempt to be as fair and impartial as possible but also should not avoid exploration and variety in the press. To every issue there are more than one side, and all sides should be represented fairly. Being biased is like writing an article about a competition and making the team you don’t support look bad because maybe you don’t like them or for other personal issues. It is vital in my opinion to try and avoid being biased but as I have said earlier, no one can be completely objective and have no preferences at all.

Anonymous Sources
Lastly, we have Anonymous Sources. It is not wrong to interview or use material from Anonymous Sources in journalism. Anonymous Sources can also be a vital source of information depending on the situations. But there are reasons why people do not want their name or title in articles or reports. It could be because they are shy or want to protect their identity, but think again. Maybe what they are saying is fake, so as a journalist, one must find more supporting information from other sources to confirm any story. For example if there is murder case and you are finding out about the details as to what actually happened. You come across a supposed friend of the victim who tells you who he or she suspects and tells you not to state his name. To confirm this information you should go to another source so that the information you have is reliable and accurate.

Conclusion

That’s all from me today, thank you for your attention!

Saturday, 13 July 2013

3 Ethical Dilemmas - Ikmal

Hi, i’m Ikmal from S203. Today I am going to talk about 3 of the seven ethical dilemmas that I have chosen. The three ethical dilemmas that I have chosen are invasion of privacy, plagiarism and bias.

I think that not invading other people’s privacy is important because if a person has been in a very emotional or very tense moment, one thing that they do not certainly want is to get their name on the news. For example, imagine if a reporter is interviewing an offender of the law. If the reporter gives the name of the offender, the person’s life would be ruined because if he/she has gotten out of imprisonment, he/she would not be treated well by the public because they knew who he/she was.

I think that plagiarism should be avoided. Plagiarism is using a source for your own work or assignment but not stating the source, which is basically like stealing from someone. For example, a journalist is using something from a technology website to make an article about the latest advances in technology. After copying and editing little parts of the statement or text from the website, the journalist publishes the article...without stating where he/she got it from. That is called plagiarism.

Lastly, I think not being biased is important because if the journalist writes an article that has his/her personal opinions, he/she might make the public view something in the wrong way. He/she would give a one-sided story which could cause people to view something in the way which was from the journalist’s opinion, but not the one that is actually how something is supposed to be viewed as. The journalists should keep their opinions to themselves and be fair when reporting the news. For example, the journalist is reporting on how his/her favourite political person was not able to win the election and makes it seem like someone else was at fault.


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Thank you for listening!

The 3 Ethical Dilemmas - Shaquille

Hi, I’m Shaquille  from S203 and I’m going to talk about 3, of the 7 ethical dilemmas that I’ve chosen. The first one is Plagiarism. Plagiarism is when a journalist, or author, claims and uses others’ work as their own, without giving the actual author or journalist any credit. To make it easier to understand, let’s say you are writing a report about global warming, but you didn’t have anything to work on. So you went online to search for any reliable sources that you can use. You finally found one, used it in your report, but didn’t quote where you got the information from. That’s plagiarism. It’s basically an act of stealing, but instead of stealing something, you are stealing other people’s hard work. 

Next is anonymous sources. Simply put, anonymous sources are people that you interview, but do  not want to claim credit, or do not want their names to be published. As they are anonymous, of course the information you get is not always reliable. So, you’d have to be careful and always determine its value. To give you a better understanding, pretend you’re a journalist covering a murder case. So to know more about the case, who would you go to? Probably people close to the victim like family and friends. Maybe you went to some of the victim’s friends and interviewed them. Let’s say they know something that happened between the victim and another person, the suspected killer. So, they tell you that they do not want their names to be publicised, in case the murderer would hold a grudge on them and choose his/her next target. That’s anonymous sources. 

The last one is bias. Basically, it’s human. It’s human to chose something over the other because of several reasons. For an example, you are a Manchester United fan, and you are a sports journalist covering a match between Manchester City and Manchester United. Sadly, your favourite team lost and you would have to cover that in the newspapers. So, you then try to find fault and talk trash in the papers about Man City, just because your favourite team lost to them. That’s bias. So, you should always avoid doing that and be fair to every party to prevent the wrong information being put on the papers. 

That’s all for my explanation and examples. Thank you. 

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The 3 Ethical Dilemmas - JunKai

Hi, I’m Jun Kai. Today i am gonna choose a few ethical dilemmas and talk about them.

First;y, biasness is in every single human being, but when reporting, this is one of the most important dilemmas. Biasness must be needed to show people the full story, and not just a  particular side. Biasness can also can in other ways. Like, hey look, black people, they aren’t americans, why are they participating in the presidential vote? Well, what if they are americans but just with different colour, that is bias in thinking that all americans are not black. In journalism, biasness, can be like, hey ex drug convict, and I want to interview him about teens on drugs, but i should not because blah blah blah, that is bias in a way that others status or past are thought about before interviewing them.

Next, invasion of privacy. When writing about someone in situations, think before whether to include the name of the person. In situations, if the person is a rape victim or a ex drug addict, if you include the name of the person in an article, people whom know the person will start speculating about the person, and think of he or she as something else and discriminate the person.


Lastly, anonymous sources. Be wary when researching for an article online or anywhere else. If you came across some nice information but cannot verify the credibility of the author, research until you find another author who writes about the exact same thing. But what happens when you do not verify the credibility of the source. Dating back to World War 2, when the Japanese was trying to take over Singapore, an anonymous source announced that the Japanese were coming to attack through the North, so the British sent all their troops there, but in fact, they invaded through the other beaches while everybody was camping at north, which resulted in the fall of Singapore.

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Friday, 12 July 2013

Three ethical dilemmas


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Hi I am Yeo Tzun Kai from S2-03 and I am going to talk about 3 ethical dilemmas that I have chosen.

So first one is plagiarism, plagiarism is the like using or copying someone else’s ideas or information without their permission. Also it is something like making other people’s work as your own which is somewhat like stealing from the person you copied from. For a scenario, lets say you are working on project about plants and you go on to a website and copy and paste information about plants in your project but did not give references or sources at the end of your project which is a form of plagiarism. So in order not to plagiarize other people’s work, you must state where you got the information from by citing references or sources.

Next the second one is anonymous sources, anonymous sources is basically people that you interview or get information from, don’t want to have credit nor their names to be published. The problem about keeping the person anonymous could mean that the person might give you inaccurate information but you must determine the value of the information. As a scenario, an employer from a candy company gives you information that the candy the company manufactures contains addictive drugs. This information could be true or fake so you could put the employer’s name as anonymous as when the company gets fined or sued if what the employer said was true, they may try to find out the employer that gave you the information and may harm him or her. But minor things like people giving their own opinion about something, it is all right to out in their names


Finally the third thing is commitment to accuracy, which is the amount of accuracy in your news report meaning the information you have must be accurate. A scenario is that you only get information from one person during a interview but it may be inaccurate as the person may not have told the truth and this could lead to the public to have the wrong thinking so try to ask more people to make sure the information you have gotten is accurate


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