Hi, I’m Shaquille from S203 and I’m going to talk about 3, of the 7 ethical dilemmas that I’ve chosen. The first one is Plagiarism. Plagiarism is when a journalist, or author, claims and uses others’ work as their own, without giving the actual author or journalist any credit. To make it easier to understand, let’s say you are writing a report about global warming, but you didn’t have anything to work on. So you went online to search for any reliable sources that you can use. You finally found one, used it in your report, but didn’t quote where you got the information from. That’s plagiarism. It’s basically an act of stealing, but instead of stealing something, you are stealing other people’s hard work.
Next is anonymous sources. Simply put, anonymous sources are people that you interview, but do not want to claim credit, or do not want their names to be published. As they are anonymous, of course the information you get is not always reliable. So, you’d have to be careful and always determine its value. To give you a better understanding, pretend you’re a journalist covering a murder case. So to know more about the case, who would you go to? Probably people close to the victim like family and friends. Maybe you went to some of the victim’s friends and interviewed them. Let’s say they know something that happened between the victim and another person, the suspected killer. So, they tell you that they do not want their names to be publicised, in case the murderer would hold a grudge on them and choose his/her next target. That’s anonymous sources.
The last one is bias. Basically, it’s human. It’s human to chose something over the other because of several reasons. For an example, you are a Manchester United fan, and you are a sports journalist covering a match between Manchester City and Manchester United. Sadly, your favourite team lost and you would have to cover that in the newspapers. So, you then try to find fault and talk trash in the papers about Man City, just because your favourite team lost to them. That’s bias. So, you should always avoid doing that and be fair to every party to prevent the wrong information being put on the papers.
That’s all for my explanation and examples. Thank you.